Hiring of employees is a tough job; a lot of effort is required while hiring an employee. Despite all efforts sometimes the not so efficient employees get hired, who are unable to contribute much to the organisations progress; and the employer is forced to take the hard decision of firing the employee.
Let’s now discuss about the reasons why an employee might be fired. In general these can be the underlying reasons:
1) Low or no performance
When the employee is not performing to the expected level, if his working is inefficient or if he lacks interest and motivation to work, then the employer might consider firing him.
If the employee’s conduct is unbearable; say if he misbehaves with his co-workers, uses abusive language or physical abuse with co-workers or clients, he will surely be punished.
3) Lack of professional behavior
If the employee does not perform his duties efficiently; negligence of responsibilities; delay in finishing of targeted tasks may land the employee into trouble.
4) Mishandling or misuse
If any employee misuses the resources and facilities of the organisation for personal use; or uses it for criminal purposes then he will surely be fired. Damage to any organisational property, equipment and material is also punishable.
If any employ is not following the orders of his superiors or is disobedient towards them, he will be punished. If the employee performs any act against the organisational policies or rules he will land up into the bad books of the management.
6) Issues related to leave
every employee has his own quota of leaves which he can avail. If the employee exceeds the leave limit, or is a habitual leave taker, and goes on leave without informing his seniors then he will be punished.
What procedure should one adopt while firing an employee?
If any employee who is inefficient and unproductive for the organisation, then the management will surely think of improving him at first, still if his condition remains the same the organisation will think of replacing him, by firing him. Let’s discuss how the management should handle the issue of firing an employee.
Firstly the superiors should try to know the reason for his inefficiency and lack of interest in work. After one finds the reason, then one can look out for ways to increase his efficiency, say by guiding him through the problem, and send him for training and so on. Still if his performance does not improve then he can be given one or two warnings to mend his ways and perform efficiently. But after all efforts if his condition remains same then the option of firing him can be considered. What are the things that should be kept in mind while firing an employee?
If any employee is unproductive then the best thing to do is sit with him and discusses the underlying reason for his unproductiveness. One can guide him through his duties if he is facing some obstacle, training can be imparted to strengthen his skills. Secondly he can give him warnings for his unproductive behaviour. Still if his performance does not improve the management is forced to hand over the pink slip to the unproductive employee. If such a condition arises, then the following things should be kept in mind while terminating an employee:
- Maintain privacy: The firing process should always do in a closed room, in privacy. An employee should not be sacked in front of his colleagues and subordinates, as it might harm his dignity.
- Keep a witness: always remember to keep a witness when firing an employee. The witness should be a person who has knowledge of the past working and behavior of the employee. The presence of a witness is also necessary to ensure that the firing process was taken care of in a just way.
- Proof: When firing an employee you should also have some solid proof that the employee has been performing inefficiently even after a number of warnings. Proofs in the forms of written communication for improvement in working style or reminders and warnings for efficiency should be kept handy at the time the firing process.
- Firing in a dignified way: Even if the employee has been performing inefficiently and you are firing him, do it in a dignified way. Allow the employ to take his personal belongings and documents. Allow him to do so at his convenience, say before or after office hours, when he does not have to face his co-workers and feel guilty.
- Guide him: Although you are firing him and he is leaving your organisation, still wish him luck. And if possible guide him in the right direction, advise him to work in a better way in the future and if you have contacts then give information about other options of livelihood and job opportunities.
Be just in your decision and action. The decision of firing should not be based on personal feelings, enmity and grudges. While firing one should not discriminate on the basis of caste, creed, religion, colour and gender. Firing on these criteria is against the law.
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